Sacramento (pop.~467,000 in 2010) is the capital of California and the government seat of Sacramento County. The city encompasses approximately 100 square miles and is located at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River, in the northern region of California's Central Valley.
This area is also known as the Sacramento Valley. The city serves as an anchor for the Greater Sacramento Area, which includes the following eight counties: Sacramento, El Dorado, Nevada, Placer, Sutter, Yolo, Yuba (all in Northern California), and Douglas County, Nevada.
The total population of this combined metropolitan statistical area is approximately 2 million.